Tribhuvan International Airport is situated with 5.56 km in Kathmandu city which is the heart of Kathmandu Valley. Some of the key facilities by TIA are Nepal Tourism Board Information Counter, parking for both domestic and international separately, free WIFI, press-room, post office, cargo facilities, trolley services, hotel reservation information counter, senior citizen and breast feeding room, charging hub, police help desk, self-check in service, information desk, baggage wrapping services, banking facilities, baggage help desk, restaurant and cafeteria, medical services, foreign exchange and pre-paid taxi. 


Fund for NTB is collected in the form of Tourist Service Fee from departing foreign passengers at the Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, thus keeping it financially independent. The Board chaired by the Secretary at the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation consists of 11 board members with Five Government representatives, five private sector representatives and the Chief Executive Officer.Air passenger growth in Nepal has increased by more than two folds during last 10 years and there is a significant increase in number of helicopters and its operations for last five years.

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There is a brief overview of updates on safety indicators including accidents that occurred during the past ten years together with the operational safety risks of Nepal, implementation status of Nepal Aviation Safety Plan (2018-2022) safety priorities, and State safety oversight information. Some of the airport projects are Gautam Buddha International Airport Project, Pokhara Regional International Airport Project (PRIA), Nijgadh International Airport (NIA) and Runway Extension and Associated Works and International Terminal Building Expansion & Reconfiguration and Associated Works at TIA. For the first phase of the second international airport in the 1900Ha area tree and pole enumeration and data, collection work is in progress. The contractor started the runway extensions work on January 02, 2019. All construction works were continued and the final asphalt surface course was completed on May 29, 2020. The critical part near the existing runway end was carried out during the COVID-19 lockdown period. The existing Runway and Threshold Markings and the Airfield Lights were displaced at temporary position (120-meter north from Runway End 02) on March 31, 2020 for runway extension construction works. After completion of runway pavement works, existing Runway Threshold Light, and Precision Approach Light at Runway 02 End were reinstated at their original position on June 02, 2020 along with pavement marking.

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As per the CAAN, the recent status of airports in Nepal, there are total of 54 airports in Nepal out of which 53 are domestic airports and 1 international airport. Under 53 domestic airports, there are 4 hub airports and 49nother domestic airports. Out of total of 54 airports, 35 are in operation and 19 are not in operation.

Source of information:

Indicators related to Civil Aviation
Main Indicators  2018/19 2019/20 2020/21
No. of Nepali Airlines Operating International flights   3 3 3
No. of Nepali Airlines Operating flights in Nepal  29 29 27
No. of Countries with Bilateral Air Service Agreements 39 40 40
No. of two-way tickets (in '00000) 80 80 78
No. of airlines operating international flights (Fixed+Roter wings)  19 19 20
No. of international airports   1 1 1
No. of companies operating adventure and entertaining air flights 80 80 80
No. of airports having Black topped operating in all season      

Source: Ministryof culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, 2021            


Safety is the fundamental and foremost prioritized domain of aviation because there are lives involved in every operation of aircraft. The 193 countries including Nepal, who cooperate through ICAO, are currently working towards their agreed global safety target of zero fatality by 2030 along with the strengthening of their regulatory capacities, while pursuing a range of programmes and targets relevant to current core areas of global aviation safety planning, oversight and risk mitigation.
State top safety risks for 2021 have been identified which are determined considering three areas i.e., HRCs, Phase of flight and Months). This approach of identification of top risks has been considered as a part of reactive safety risk management. The Effective Implementation of Nepal in the last USOAP audit is 66.76% which is 6.76% above the global benchmark set in Global Aviation Safety Plan. Nepal is ranked 20th in RASG-APAC with respect to overall effective implementation within this group. In this region, 64.86% states have reached the ICAO GASP target of 60% with the regional average of 63.91%. The overall EI of Nepal is 2.85% above the regional average. Nepal has five areas that are above the GASP target of 60% EI. The strongest area of Nepal is AIR having 94.39% EI. AIG, with least EI. Nepal has six Critical Elements with EIs standing above the GASP target. CE1, CE2 and CE6 are the stronger elements whereas CE4 and CE8 are the weakest ones. Nepal’s EI (66.76%) is higher than APAC regional average EI (63.91%) and ICAO’s global target (60%) but close to Global Average EI (68.94%). 

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As per Investment Board Nepal, Nijgadh International Airport is under procurement stage. It is located in Nijgadh, Bara. The project cost $903 million.
Features: National priority project, four international terminals with 15 Mpax capacity each are planned for ultimate capacity of 60 Mpax, two parallel runways (each 3600 m long & 45 m wide), Will accommodate “F” class aircraft


Key terms

•    Tribhuvan International Airport
•    Nepal Tourism Board
•    Airport Projects
•    Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal
•    Nepal Aviation Safety Plan

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